This week on the blog, we're discussing all things Story Grammar Marker! Today, we're looking at how to begin with data collection. I do need to add a disclaimer here: There is a whole separate training and teacher's manual on data collection, and I can't possibly cover even close to half of what is available on a simple blog post. So if you like what you see and don't have the data collection manual, I highly recommend you get it, as it is an intricate part to the teaching process. After today's blog, if you have questions or want more info, I will be glad to help, but I also encourage you to check out MindWing Concept's website (www.mindwingconcepts.com). There you will find contact information, research (yes, SGM is evidence-based), SGM forums, frequently asked questions, video clips, and much more!
So let's get started: Just as in any therapy program, you need baseline data. Baseline data is super easy with Story Grammar Marker. All you have to do is pick out a book or short story that you have not previously taught, read it to the student and show them the pictures if there are some, and then have them retell the story back to you, including as much detail as they can remember. You can encourage them along by asking questions like "Is that all?" or "Tell me more," but be careful not to cue or help them. Make sure you tell them "good job," as this can be frustrating to a kid who can't remember much detail, and we don't want them feeling bad about themselves. It is best to record their retell so you don't miss anything, as you will need to analyze it later. After you finish recording their story retell, you will want to go back and write each and every word they said down to analyze their retell for macrostructure and microstructure. Macrostructure includes the story content, such as the story elements. Not all stories are complete episodes with every story element included in the Story Braid. Some stories, poems, etc. are descriptive by nature and don't necessarily tell a story from start to finish. The macrostructure of the retell includes the story elements and details that were included in the story by the author. The microstructure includes the "extra things" such as conjunctions (FANBOYS), mental state verbs (think, know, remembered, dreamed), adverbs (here, again, slowly, suddenly), elaborated noun phrases (noun + adjective(s), and linguistic verbs (shouted, whispered, yelled). Both macrostructure and microstructure are very important. The student may have neither, one or the other, or both. You can tell a student who lacks microstructure when you see or hear lists, simple sentences, etc. Their story lacks the "flow."
Included in the SGM teacher's manual are wonderful data collection worksheets and progress monitoring pages. The Language/Literacy Developmental Checklist: Sequence of Narrative Developmental Stages includes a breakdown of each of the sequences: descriptive, action, reactive, abbreviated episode, complete episode, complex episode, and interactive episode. This developmental chart also tells you which sequence the students should be able to do by which grade level. These are great for analyzing your baseline data and progress monitoring. You can determine where the student is before being taught the story elements and SGM, and then see how they are progressing, through additional story retells (with different books, of course!) The Progress Monitor and Instructional Planner worksheet is also an excellent tool for progress monitoring. It assigns points for each story element based on how well the student describes the element. The point system is easy to use to determine if the students are making progress, and which specific areas, if any, need to be addressed to a greater extent.
The SGM Data Collection Manual is filled with a plethora of information, as well as printables perfect for keeping data on all of your students. The data collection forms are easy to complete and simple to read, making is very easy to track progress. There are data sheets for students using Braidy, as well as students using the story braids.
Next, we'll talk about SGM as it relates to Autism. Thursday, we'll discuss transitioning to writing. And Friday, I'll show you ideas, activities, and examples of what I do personally when teaching SGM. Do you have any questions? I'd love to hear from you!